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|Posté le: Mar 26 Juin - 18:52 (2012) Sujet du message: The Tibetan spirit is very, very strong – it will remain
During his tour of Britain this month, the Dalai Lama sat down with Metro’s Fred Attewill to discuss the future of Tibet, the changing attitudes of the Chinese government and his own legacy.
The Dalai Lama has held out the hope that the next generation of Chinese leaders will relax Beijing’s iron grip on Tibet.
But in an interview with Metro, the defiant spiritual leader vowed the Tibetan culture and spirit was virtually unbreakable and would survive continuing Chinese rule of the ancient Himalayan region.
The 14th Dalai Lama said the culture was flourishing inside Tibet even among Tibetans who have grown up only speaking Chinese.
And he suggested Tibetan culture could even outlast the rule of the Chinese Communist party.
‘The Tibetan spirit is very, very strong – it will remain,’ he insisted. ‘Tibetan spirit comes from Buddhism teaching. Buddhism has over 2,500 years of history and in today’s world the image of Buddhism is still good, and is even going up.
‘The communist totalitarian ideology, Marxism, is about 200 years old.’
With a deep laugh, and pointing towards the floor of a Manchester hotel room, he added: ‘And today, the image of Marxism goes like that!’
However, with characteristic optimism, he said he believed China, which seized control of Tibet in the 1950s, will eventually end what activists claim is widespread political and religious repression against the mainly Buddhist population.
The leadership of the world’s most populous nation has already shown it is capable of radical change by embracing capitalism and boosting the living standards of hundreds of millions of people, he claimed.
And the Dalai Lama added the current Chinese president, Hu Jintao, was trying to address the growing gap between rich and poor.
‘This shows the communist party have the ability to act according to a new reality,’ he said.
‘But still their top priority is how to control 1.3billion Chinese people by the communist party with relatively few people. The Chinese constitution was made in the 50s, the party is supreme, the judicial system should serve the party, everything should serve the party. Since the authoritarianism is institutionalised, change is not easy, but we’ll see.
‘For their own interests they have to follow the world reality. Democracy and the rule of law are world trends. No matter how powerful China is as a nation, it can’t go against that, it’s impossible.’
He urged China to follow the example of its democratic neighbour, India – where he fled in 1959 – in how to keep together a vast and diverse country without resorting to authoritarianism.
Returning to a favourite theme – realism – he said China must realise its future lies in allowing its citizens more freedom.
‘The Chinese hardliners feel unity and harmony can develop under fear and force. That’s unrealistic.
‘The Chinese prime minister, Wen Jiabao, has on many occasions expressed publically China needs political reform.
‘The outgoing prime minister seems to have laid down some kind of foundation. Now a new leadership may start some new thinking but still I don’t know.’ China reviles the Dalai Lama as a separatist who is trying to split Tibet from the rest of China and accuses him of trying to hide his real agenda.
But he insisted the issue of Tibet’s status could be solved relatively quickly because it was not seeking separation.
‘Materially we are very, very backward. So, therefore, we want to remain in the People’s Republic of China for our own interests, for material development, provided we have our own language, our own script and our own peaceful way of life.
‘We have peaceful cultural heritage. This must be protected by self-rule and autonomy.’
In his trip to Britain, the Dalai Lama – who spoken of his surprise at last summer’s riots in England – has talked widely to young people in an attempt to promote peace and positive change.
He places great store on self-confidence – which he says is generated from living truthfully and transparently – and taking responsibility for your own life. Yet the Dalai Lama, a Buddhist monk, said the answer to any current moral crisis was not religion – but rather secular education and better parenting.
He defines spirituality as ‘a sense of concern of others’ well-being’ but argued modern education systems neglected these ‘inner values’.
The Tibetan leadership is working with experts to develop a curriculum in Indian schools and hopes to have a concrete plan within the next year.
‘I think it will include some sort of explanation about the mind, emotions and how it works and how one emotion is not independent and but due to other emotions,’ he said.
The Dalai Lama said he bore no grudges against the Chinese – despite previously accusing Beijing of a ‘cultural genocide’ against Tibetans.
On the eve of his 77th birthday, he is sanguine about his own future and admits he could be the last in the line of reincarnated lamas who date back almost 600 years.
‘If I remain another 15, 20, 30 years, and at the time of my death circumstances are such that the Dalai Lama institution is now longer much relevant, then this institution will cease.’
Jokingly, he added: ‘I often express that if this almost 600 year-old institution of the Dalai Lama ends at the time the 14th Dalai Lama is quite popular, I would feel very happy!’
Read more: http://www.metro.co.uk/news/newsfocus/903241-dalai-lama-the-tibetan-spirit-is-very-v
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